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|Irish Medals from The Emergency Period (World War Two) & Later Years|
The Emergency Service Medals 1939 -
(An Bonn Seirbhise Eigeandala)
This medal series was instituted on the 6th October 1944 but
was not issued until after the cessation of hostilities when
production and issue commenced in 1947.
The series has a common obverse but eleven different reverses and two ribbon types. The obverse shows a female figure representing Eire , left facing in a flowing robe and cloak. She is straining a wolfhound with her left hand and her right hand holds a long sword facing downward. above and around her is the inscription "RE NA PRAINNE" translated as " Emergency Period"
The image below shows an example of both ribbon types, the common obverse and the suspension pin with the words "SEIRBHIS NIASUNTA" , national service.
A bars shown were added for each additional two years service, they have the dates 1939-1946 on either end of their front.
Information Courtesy of Eamon O'Toole "Medals of the Republic of Ireland"
|NA FORSAI COSANTA : the Defence Forces (Regular Army, Air Corps, Marine Service, etc.) The forces included some 56,000 men at its peak ·|
|AN SLUA MUIRI : the Maritime Inscription which was also part of the second line reserve.|
|26u CATHLAN the 26th Battalion (this battalion consisted almost entirely of ex-IRA members and was part of the 2nd Line Volunteer Force)|
|AN FORSA COSANTA AITIUIL : the Local Defence Force (regional volunteer reserve) - Note : this medal originally had the single white stripe ribbon but soon after the war this was changed to the one with the double centre stripe. it had a strength of 103,000 at its peak. ·|
|FORSA NA NOGLACH 2u LINE : the 2nd Line Volunteer Reserve consisted of infantry field engineers and medical units ,mainly of mature years who replaced the peacetime reserves who were called up for full time service. ·|
SEIRBHIS ALTRANAIS AN AIRM : the Army
Nursing Service founded in 1922 at the formation of the
state , this was one of the smallest units of the defence
This is the second rarest of the series.
|AN SEIRBHIS SEIPLINEACHTA : the Chaplaincy Service issued to the small number of uniformed clergy and some civilian officiating chaplains. The rarest of the medals.|
|RANNA CABHAIR DEONTACA CUMANN CROISE DEIRGE NA H-EIREANN : the Volunteer Aid Division, Irish Red Cross (this organisation was mainly connected with working in support of the Armed Forces)|
|RANNA CEAD-CABHRAC CUMANN CROISE DEIRGE NA H-EIREANN : the First Aid Division, Irish Red Cross (they were mainly connected with working among the civilian population)|
|NA SEIRBHISE REAMHCURAIM IN AGHAIDH AER-RUATHAR : the Air Raid Precautions Organisation A civilian passive defence , rescue warden and fire service established in 1943.|
|NA CAOMNOIRI AITIULA : the Local Security Forces (regional police and security services) This had about 148,000 members at its peak.|
|Unnamed Emergency Service Certificate 1939 - 1946 issued for a member of the 26th Battalion.|
|The Merchant Marine Service Medal|
This medal was similar to the Emergency series above in that
it was instituted on the 6th October 1944 but was not issued
until after the cessation of hostilities. Its obverse is as
above while its reverse shows a steamship at sea with a
sailing ship just visible beyond its bow. Inscribed above is
"AN TSEIRBIS MUIR-TRACTALA" translated as The Merchant
The Permanent Defence Force Service Medal
(An Bonn Seirbhise)
Two examples of the service medal are shown the left hand
side being a ten year service with St. Patrick blue ribbon
while the right hand side being a fifteen year service
ribbon with a gold stripe in the centre and a bar for the
extra 5 years service.
It was instituted on 13 December 1944 for
The Good Conduct Medal
(An Bonn Dea Iompair)
|This medal instituted in 1987 was first presented in 1989. It would be ranked after the Permanent defence forces above but lower than the DSM below.|
This medal was awarded for meritorious service characterized by
exemplary conduct of an individual NCO or private solider.
All examples are named
The Military Medal for Gallantry (MMG)
(An Bonn Mileata Calmachta)
|This medal introduced in 1944 was awarded for acts of gallantry or bravery arising out of or associated with military service and involving risks to life and limb above and beyond the call of duty.|
Military Medal for gallantry 1st Class or Military Medal for
Gallantry "with Honour", cast in silver.
Quantity Issued: 0
Military Medal for gallantry 2nd Class or Military Medal for
Gallantry "with Distinction", cast in bonze.
Quantity Issued :6
Military Medal for gallantry 3rd Class or Military Medal for
Gallantry "with Merit" , cast in bonze.
Quantity Issued: 1
The Distinguished Service Medal (DSM)
(An Bonn Seirbhise Dearscna)
|This medal was awarded in recognition of individual or associated acts of gallantry, courage, leadership, resource or devotion to duty arising out of or services in the Defence forces not meriting the award of the MMG.|
|The Distinguished Service Medal 1st Class or The Distinguished Service Medal with Honour, cast in silver.|
|The Distinguished Service Medal 2nd Class or The Distinguished Service Medal with Distinction, cast in bronze.|
|The Distinguished Service Medal 3rd Class or The Distinguished Service Medal with Merit, cast in bronze.|
|Numbers issued up to 1989|
|1st Class 12 Awards|
|2ndClass 54 Awards|
|3rd Class 36 Awards|
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